Unification News for August 2001
The Providential Significance of the Three World Wars
Imperial Japan occupied Korea in a most disrespectful, arrogant and ruthless manner by 1936, when Jesus Christ first appeared in a spiritual vision to the young Sun Myung Moon. Koreans were treated like chattel and the Korean homeland at that moment in history could be likened to an animal stable. The First World War, sometimes called ‘the war to end all wars’ should’ve created a New World Order possessing the same freedoms and Edenic purity as the first Son of God ‘Adam’ had in the beginning of human history. Instead, the third Adamic figure (Jesus was the second) was born into a similar and unintended situation like Jesus -- in a stable.
All of the blood, sweat and tear sacrifices of ‘the Great War’ (originally, it didn’t have a number) should’ve brought an end to the long history of restoration. Restoration means indemnity and by 1920 when the Paris Peace Conferences ended, all of the historical indemnity should have been paid. The Biblical Last Days were to begin after the First World War, when peace negotiations ended and the messiah was born. That pivotal year, 1920 was to begin a period of Edenic joy and hope. Instead, the peace negotiations between the victors and towards the defeated powers brought little positive change and renewed global tensions causing two more world conflicts.
This of course was not the intended outcome for the First World War from God’s providential viewpoint. As stated already, all historical indemnity should have been paid. At this point, it must be stated that the absolute predestination of all events as put forward by St. Augustine, John Calvin and other Christian leaders is not accurate. The history of all human activities from the creation of the world until today are not fixed and foreordained as part of God’s ultimate plan. That would presuppose evil being an intentional part of God’s purpose and that has never been the case. God has been trying to prevent and minimize the impact of evil at every turn and juncture of human history but that is another issue that cannot be addressed in this report.
At crucial turning points in history like the First Great War (1914-1918), God’s initial attempt to create a good condition (i.e. foundation, event, blessing) failed due to human error and had to be extended into three stages or three generations. After World War I, the victorious allies –United States, Britain, France and Italy failed to create democracy on the world level. America entered the war near its end in 1917 at a crucial moment when Germany appeared to have the upper hand and victory seemed within its reach.
America did not enter the war to return the world to its pre-1914 status quo. This of course irked the European powers that prized their hegemonic rule over the world. America was in the younger brother position to Europe. Like Abel, America came through the war largely unscathed and appeared ‘blessed’ with good fortune. Elder brother Europe, was somewhat resentful and jealous like Cain when the young upstart nation of America preached its ideals of democracy and a world-level democratic League of Nations to govern international disputes. Wilson wanted to create a New World order (America was after all a part of the ‘New World’ discovered by Columbus). Wilson opposed the imperialistic and chauvinistic designs of its British, French, Italian and Japanese allies. Wilson also believed the League could be an effective base to oppose and defeat the new threat by Bolshevism (Lenin’s communism).
American Entry into the War
In the words of the United States president Woodrow Wilson, America entered the war "to make the world safe for democracy." This was definitely in accord with God’s Will and it was only when America entered the war that a good cause and noble vision was raised for the war’s overall purpose. God had raised up America as a champion of democratic ideals. It was an ideology that protected basic individual human actions such as the right to free speech, the right to assemble and the free exercise of religion. These were necessary social preconditions that the returning messiah (third Adam) and his followers would need for success, to avoid arrest and even execution.
Democracy was a system that protected not only the rights of the majority (Nationalism) but the minority groups as well. The returning Lord could very well find himself being in a small minority group, struggling against the mainstream majority religious views. Democratic rule on the world level through the League of Nations could have put such safeguards in Korea. The Korean-born messiah would have grown up in a peaceful Edenic environment like the first Adam: Korean Christianity would not have had to undergone a bitter forty-year period of persecution by Japan.
American president Wilson expounded his ideals for world democracy in his famous Fourteen Points. Had these been implemented, there would have been a brotherhood of nations (League of Nations), mutual respect for different races of humankind (no racial superiority) and safeguard protections for colonies like Korea and their eventual right to self-determination.
President Wilson did not want a vindictive peace settlement after the war. The victorious European allies did. Coaxed by angry France, the European leaders sought to punish and humiliate Germany as a means to keep Germany down and thus, prevent any future German aggression. The goals of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 after the war were not really about peace but punishment. British Prime Minister David Lloyd George had some doubt about the French-inspired vindictive approach and he spoke prophetically about the next World War. But George saw no reasonable alternative. He wanted the Old World Order restored and not its replacement with an American one. The Cain position held by Europe does not readily give up its birthright to younger brother Abel. It is only possible through Abel loving Cain and this did not happen. Wilson was cerebral and intellectual: a great visionary but lacking humility and warmth of heart. This did not mesh well with the conceit already prevalent in Europe.
Near the end of First World War, the German government abandoned its autocratic ruler, Kaiser Wilhelm II and replaced its autocratic militarism with representative democracy. Germany then surrendered with the hope that America’s vision for reconciliation could be followed. This natural surrender could have removed the fallen nature on the world level. The victorious European allies however did not want this kind of surrender. They wanted an unconditional surrender in which the new Germany was still strapped with the old regime’s crimes of aggression.
Peace Conference 1919
The Paris Peace Conference of 1919 was a miserable failure. France and Britain had paid a terribly high cost in the loss of human life and suffering and could not be easily consoled. They continued the imperial past by adding new colonial possessions in the Middle East like prized jewels in their national crowns.
The right to self-determination, which the treaty granted to the Poles and other ethnic people in the former Austria-Hungary Empire, was not granted to the German-speaking people. Austria and the German-speaking people of the Sudetenland sought unification with Germany. It was denied. This double standard by the victorious West against the German peoples’ right to self-determination made a mockery of such principles. Germany did not sense its relationship to the West as a brother nation being reconciled to the world family of nations. Instead, Germany felt it was still being treated as the enemy.
Japan helped defeat Germany and its allies. It was receptive to the idea of a League of Nations and sought a racial equality clause in its charter. This principle of human equality (similar to the Civil Rights Act in America seventy years later) would most certainly have stemmed the social Darwinian ideas in Europe espousing the innate superiority of the white race. It would have helped prepare a receptive world environment for the returning Lord whose race was not white. Such a clause would have helped stem the tide of Jim Crow laws in the southern American states against the Blacks and opened up America’s tight restrictive immigration quotas directed against the Orientals.
Unfortunately, America and Britain rejected this clause to the League charter because it would have altered the established social order in their respective nations. This rejection upset the Japanese. Japan had taken some dramatic humbling positions in the past by altering its traditional culture and choosing to become westernized. Japan now had a powerful industrial and military position. It had defeated the Russians in 1905 and received Korea as a colony. As a representative of the Oriental race, Japan wanted respect equal to that assumed by the white nations of the West and it was denied. The Japanese felt insulted and probably felt the same kind frustration that the Cherokee Indians must have experienced in another sad chapter in America’s past.
When President Wilson then tried to get Japanese support for a religious freedom clause in the League charter, the Japanese refused. They attached the new issue of religious freedom with the earlier rejected clause for racial equality. For the Japanese, religion and race become one issue: all kinds of diversity must be tolerated and protected or none at all. It was rejected. The Japanese left the conference very bitter, resolving to be superior to the West if it could not be its equal. But the way that Japan ultimately chose to display its superiority was unprincipled: it resorted to the use of physical force and the same defiant arrogance it opposed at the Peace Conference.
President Wilson was the first American president to travel abroad while still in office. It was unprecedented. Overseas in Europe, the people received him almost in messianic terms as a great Deliverer. This provoked jealousy and envy among the European leaders. Ultimately, American leadership was rejected abroad and at home. Wilson was a Democrat and he failed to approach the political opposition in America (Republicans controlled the Congress) and rally their support for a unified stance on foreign policy: Wilson’s delegation to Europe for the Peace Conference had only one symbolic Republican representative. This did him in; snubbed Republican majority rule in Congress rejected Wilson’s bid for a New World Order. In conclusion, the American Congress and the European leaders did not want American leadership for the world. America retreated into isolationism.
Satan is always quick to take control of a lost opportunity in God’s providence. God wished to bless the world environment through a democratic foundation on the world level. This was not achieved and in the void and vacuum of unmet and unfulfilled dreams, Lenin and his socialist form of government promised the world a communist vision of international peace and social equality.
Because the first providence for world democracy failed, the dispensation was extended to three great world wars over three successive generations. These wars were like three great temptations that tested the world’s people, their moral principles, their governments and their religious institutions. World War II had to resolve the issue of Nationalism, which only respected the rights of the ethnic majority. Minority rights for the Jews in Europe and the Koreans in Imperial Japan were denied.
World War III was the Cold War. It was waged between atheistic communism and the God-believing democracies. It lasted a providential forty years beginning with the Berlin airlift (1948-9) and lasted until the Seoul Olympics and the subsequent fall of the Berlin Wall (1988-9).
No Edenic Environment
For most of Reverend Moon’s life, he had to pioneer a path to the Kingdom of God on Earth without the aid and beginning point in Eden. Wherever Reverend Moon went, there was no peaceful environment to dwell but only Hell. As a student in Japan during the Second World War, Rev. Moon was imprisoned and tortured for being a Korean patriot. In Korea after its liberation in 1945, Rev. Moon was also misunderstood, rejected and imprisoned. In North Korea and America too, Reverend Moon had to confront tremendous rejection, persecution and imprisonment.
The League of Nations failed to create a true democratic environment on the world level in which the messiah and his movement could be nurtured and grow. This is similar to the symbolic first dove of peace sent out from Noah’s ark. The League and Noah’s first dove came back empty-handed and unable to find settlement of God’s Ideal for world peace on the earth.
The second attempt at world democracy after the Second World War was the United Nations. It did bring a measure of peace but its efforts were only partial as demonstrated in the Korean War. The United Nations can be likened to the second dove of peace sent out and returning with an olive branch. The United Nations logo, like the second dove, has olive branches promising hope and peace for the future.
After the Cold War, Reverend Moon is now trying to reorganize the United Nations. This new United Nations should achieve lasting peace on the earth. Like the third dove of peace, which could find true settlement on the earth, the third attempt to structure a world body for peace and democratic unification has the providential good fortune that can usher in God’s Kingdom of True Love.
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